"Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid." – Albert Einstein

BHUMIHARS AND THEIR IMPACT ON BIHAR AND INDIA



Respected Bhumihar Brothers,

We are all proud to be BHUMIHARS and rightly so.Let us examine our contribution towards our state and our country spanning a period of several millenia. Magadh was the greatest state of ancient India It was a great imperial superpower which dominated the ancient age of the Indian sub-continent. There were several factors which made Magadh so special.From time immemorial Magadh has produced fierce warriors,mighty conquerors, outstanding thinkers and gifted intellectuals. When we look in the Indian context we find that states like Rajasthan which have a great military tradition but minimal intellectual development.Similarly a state like Bengal which has produced several great intellectuals but has no military legacy. But in the case of Magadh if it produced Parashuram it also produced Valmiki, Chandragupta and Chanakya,Ashok and Mahavir and so on not to mention Ajatshatru and Buddha.Secondly Magadh had a great seat of learning like Nalanda.Therefore it produced the best intellectual capital in the world. But the most important factor was the presence of a great caste known as Magadh Brahmins which is today called BHUMIHAR. The ancient Bhumihars lived by a code of conduct.They were not only brilliant scholars but also outstanding soldiers.The greatest amongst them was Parashuram.He was the one who started this tradition which lives on to this day. In ancient Magadh Bhumihars either became great scholars or pursued careers in the military and rose to powerful positions. During the reign of Ashoka Buddhism became the state religion of India.Bhumihars who were holding high civil and military posts converted to Buddhism.This was only a tactical move.Pushyamitra,a Bhumihar went on to become the supreme commander of the Mauryan army. In a military coup the Mauryan rule was ended. Those Bhumihars which had earlier converted to Buddhism came back to the Vaishnav fold. The Bhumihars declared Buddha to be an incarnation of Vishnu.That was the beginning of the end of Buddhism in India. The next great dynasty which that ruled Magadh were the Guptas.In this era also Bhumihars excelled in every field. During the British rule Bhumihars tried to keep pace with the times.Today most IAS officers are produced by Bihar but during the British rule only a handful of Indians made it.One of the first ICS officers produced by Bihar was my great grand father Shri Ambika Nandan Sinha in the year 1897. Even when our country was relieved of British ruke the first Chief Minister of Bihar was a Bhumihar, Shri Krishna Sinha. Hence we have not only had an impact on our state but also our nation.We not only banished Buddhism but also championed the cause of Vaishnavism.Lomg live the BHUMIHARS.

Yours sincerely,
Vivek Sinha

——————————-

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhumihar

Social organisation

The census returns give no less than four hundred and fifty-eight sections: but here the territorial sections and the Brahminical gotras are mixed up together.[38] The most important local sections are the Chaudhari, Gautama, and Kolaha in Banaras; the Gautama in Mirzapur; the Bharadwaj, Bhriguvanshi, Dikshit, Donwar, Gautama, Kaushik, Kinwar, Kistwar, Sakarwar, Sonwar in Ghazipur; Bhagata, Kinwar, Benwar, of Ballia; the Baghochhiya, Baksaria, Gautama, Kaushik and Sakarwar(Sankritya) of Gorakhpur; the Barasi, Birhariya and Kaushik of Basti; and the Barwar, Bharadwaj, Bhriguvansh, Denwar, Gargbans, Gautama, Purvar, Sakarwar, and Shandilya of Azamgarh.[38] On the Jijhoutia clan of Bhumihar Brahmins, William Crooke writes, “A branch of the Kanaujia Brahmins (Kanyakubja Brahmins) who take their name from the country of Jajakshuku, which is mentioned in the Madanpur inscription.”[38]

Domestic ceremonies and religious beliefs

The Bhumihar Brahmins follow in every respect the standard Brahminical rules.[38] They are usually Shaivas and Shaktas.[38] There are some Vaishnavas as followers of Ramanujacharya in the Tirhut region of Bihar.[48] Bhumihar Brahmins, like all other Brahmins are endogamous, but marital relations are known to exist since ancient times between Bhumihar Brahmins and Maithil Brahmins in Tirhut and Mithila and between Bhumihar Brahmins and Kanyakubja Brahmins in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh where Jihoutia clan of Bhumihar Brahmins live.[47] Bhumihar Brahmin men of Purnea took to Maithil Brahmin wives in Purnea and married their daughters to Bhumihar Brahmin/Babhan men.[49][50]
[edit]Political and social movements

Bhumihars are considered a politically volatile community.[51][52] Bhumihar Brahmins in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916(Turkaulia) and Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla took Mahatma Gandhi to Champaran and the Champaran Satyagraha began.[53]
Although the Bhumihars have always constituted a very small proportion of the Bihar population (around 2.8%), they wielded political strength in pre-Mandal politics of Bihar. With the partition of Bihar, their percentage has shot up to 6 percent and all political parties are vying for their votes.[44]

Caste-related violence
See also: Ranvir Sena and Naxalites
Bhumihars, have been involved in many caste-related conflicts .[54][55][56] However, it was in reply to the requests made by Yadav peasants in 1927, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati had started the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha, which led to the largest peasant movement in the country.[57] Bhumihars also gave Bihar its first chief minister in Sri Krishna Singh who had himself led Dalit’s entry into Baidyanath Dham (Vaidyanath Temple, Deoghar).[44]

Following independence, Naxalite groups began to originate in Bihar in response to low wages and alleged illtreatment of Dalit peasants by upper-caste landlords.[58] Some Bhumihars and other upper-caste landlords responded by starting private militias called Senas.[58] These were heavily funded and promoted by some Bhumihar landlords to fight extremist Naxalite groups which supposedly represented low-caste Bihari peasants.[58] Hostilities began to intensify when in 1994, the Ranvir Sena was founded in Belaur village to counter Naxal terrorism.[58] Since its formation, the Ranvir Sena has been held responsible for murder, rape and burglary in Bihar.[58] This outfit, along with the Maoist Communist Centre, has been responsible for large-scale violence in Bihar.[58] Incidents of violence have been reported from the villages of Belaur, Bara, Senari, Ekwari, Chandi, Nanaur, Narhi, Sarathau, Haibaspur, Laxmanpur-Bathe, Shankarbigha, and Narayanpur.[58]

Communal violence

Bhumihars along with other Brahmins and Rajputs, in some places,[59] were also involved in anti-Muslim communal violence during the Partition of India.[60] and during the 1893 Anti-Muslim riots.[6].

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197 responses

  1. Jyoti sharma

    Vosri k rajput vumihar ka ek insan ‘parshuram’sare rajputon ka khatma kitne bar kiya wo tum apne dadaji se puchhna .tum sabon ka to hamare purwaj nam nisan hi mita diye the. .tum sabon ko sarm nahi aati apne aap ko rajput kahte huye. .tumhe pata nahi tum sab dogle ho akbar ne jodha ko choda to firse rajput paida liya..sale mansingh k aolad

    December 10, 2010 at 7:58 PM

  2. Jyoti sharma

    Bhumi-jamin , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . har-haran karne wala. . . . . . . Matlab jo jamin se jura ho.jis din hum apna kam chop diyen us din sare desh ki ma chud jayegi.

    December 10, 2010 at 7:48 PM

  3. Jyoti sharma

    Main bachpan se aise environment me bara hua hoon jisme vumihar ko best bataya jata hai. . .main 12 pas hone k bad jana ki rajput v foreward cast hai. . ..bihar me lalu ko koun hataya ,bihar se maowad ko koun hataya- ranvir sena .so all brthrs plz tell. . .”kURMI KO JAJ AUR BHUMIHARON KA RAJ”BHUMIHAR IS D BEST.

    December 10, 2010 at 7:43 PM

  4. Rajpoot se hamen compair mat karo yarr in logo ne apni bahan ko (jodha)ko aage karke apni jaan bachai hai

    December 10, 2010 at 11:56 AM

  5. Hai.bhumihar bhai thanks yarr jo itna bata diya bhumihar ke bare main ab dekho main in rajputon ki kaisi ganr marta hun

    December 10, 2010 at 11:52 AM

  6. Sujoy

    You guys either dont know history or you are jealous of rajputs. Rajputs has been protecting our nation from foreign invasion for ages. We successfully resisted islamic on slaught for more than 500 years. Muslim did manage to defeat us only through deceit. But rajputs never let them achieve full control of our mother land with their relentless strugle otherwise there would have been no rajput no brahmin no bavan no hindu but only muslims.

    December 7, 2010 at 12:05 AM

  7. Sujoy

    You guys either dont know history or you are jealous of rajputs. Rajputs has been protecting our nation from foreign invasion for ages. We successfully resisted islamic on slaught for more than 500 years. Muslim did manage to defeat us only through deceit. But rajputs never let them achieve full control of our mother land with their relentless strugle otherwise there would have been no rajput no brahmin no bavan no hindu but only muslims.

    December 7, 2010 at 12:04 AM

  8. anurag kurmi

    main ek kurmi hoon aur itna achche se jaanta hoon ki bhumihar sabse bade dominators hain…aur deprivers bhi…sab ke sab ghochu…sab ke sab lalchi..sab ke sab sadist..

    November 7, 2010 at 3:37 PM

  9. I read RAMAYANA and MAHABHARTA but never hear about RAJPUTA, But I always hear about KSHATRIYA only.
    And also all KSHATRIYA was killed by PARSHURAMA (as per our holy history book said). When and where? RAJPUTAS come I never know but they have a great name “JAYCHAND”.
    Did you hear any JAYCHAND in bhumihar cast?
    Please do one thing: can you please tell me mahto, chamar, sonar, pashi and many more cast comes from?
    Did you read any article in any history book?

    November 7, 2010 at 12:06 PM

  10. Mohan

    Bhumihar jindabad……long live bhumihars.

    October 31, 2010 at 3:09 PM

  11. Aarush singh

    As a part of bhumihar caste i want to shit on cmments given by rajputs..behan k chodo. Tumhare mama ne tumhari ma ko choda hoga tb tu paida hua rajput,randi ki paidaish,gand me gudda hai to aa patna, maiyya chod k tujhe usi chut me gussa dunga rajput..lode k baal k ju..muh me goli mar du madharchod

    October 17, 2010 at 12:47 PM

  12. SHASHANK PARASHAR

    BHUMIHARS ARE THE REAL DOMINATORS…. BHUMIHARS NOT CHANGE THE RULES THEY CHANGE THE GAME…..

    October 14, 2010 at 3:47 PM

  13. In the era of Aurangzeb, many of Rajputas married there sisters and daughter to Aurangzeb.
    Akbar was also married with Rajputas daughter, Wow what a brave community? ha ha ha…
    They did it only to retain there dynasty.

    September 16, 2010 at 1:19 PM

  14. gulshan

    rajputs r famous bcoz they cheated the nation,n they wid no brains ,n its r8 they cross breed wid mongolians,man read history wats the whole ruling era of rajput n ever they ruled whole country
    on otr hand take the example of bhumihars,maghad ruled whole india for almost uncountable decades,so don1t talk abt ur bravery,bravery without brain just cause defeat,u may thrive some times bt most of tym failures.go n check out the history.

    September 16, 2010 at 1:04 PM

  15. RAJPUT

    ABE SHALE CHUTIYE ,.,,..,

    PAHLE HISTORY PADH USKE BAD RAJPUT AUR BHUMIHAR KI TULNA KARNA

    SHALE RANDI KI AULAD ,..,..,TUM LOGON KA KOI ITIHAS HAI BE .,,..,.,

    SAB SHALE RAJPUTON KE RAHMON KARAM PE PALE PADHE HO

    DOGLON SHALE

    September 4, 2010 at 12:28 PM

  16. ashit kumar

    Bhumihar is not a cast it is quality and class…………

    August 12, 2010 at 8:52 PM

  17. Rajeev

    Dear brothers
    A visitor has written on this webpage that laxman, younger brother of lord Ram, over powered mahrishi Parshuram during Sita swayambar is not correct.
    ACCORDING TO GOSWAMI TULSIDAS’S ‘RAMCHARITMANAS’ WHEN RAM BROKEN DHANUSH OF LORD SHIVA, MAHRISHI PARSHURAM,WHO KNOWN AS “RUDRAVTAR” EXPERIENCED ANXIOUSNESS AND WENT TO SITA SWAYAMBAR TO KILL DHANUSHBROKER. HE REACHED TO SWAYMBAR AND EXPRESSED HIS ANXIOUS AND WILLINGNESS. LAXMAN TOLD HIM THAT WHAT WENT WRONG IF A OLD SHIV DHANUSH HAS BEEN BROKEN.PARSURAM INTENDED TO ATTACK MEANWHILE RAM STOOD AND SAID THAT LORD YOU ARE GREAT,I AM ONLY “RAM” AND YOU ARE “PARSHU””RAM”,IF I DEED ANYTHING WRONG THAN I APOLOGIES AND ABLE TO PARDEN LAXMAN’S DEED.SAMETIME “AAKASVANI” INFORMED PARSHURAM AND HE IS AVTAR OF LORD VISHNU AND IT WAS PREFIXED TO BROKE SHIV DHAXUSH.RAM HAVE TO DO A LOT OF WORKS,WHICH WILL BE ESTABLISHED AS PARAMETER FOR THE MANKIND.
    After this conversatiön and knowing the fact parshuram pardened tbem and leaved the place

    August 9, 2010 at 6:33 PM

  18. Pingback: Visitors « La Vida Loca: The Crazy Life…

  19. BHUMIHAR BRAHMANS-MILITARY brahmans,this community came into existence to protect the brahmins & overthrow the kshatriyas from india.they have unique physical strenth & courage which is not present in other brahman community.bhumihars are not only confined to bihar but are spreaded all over the world.bhumihars are present in U.P,BIHAR,JHARKHAND,WEST BENGAL(upto durgapur & purulia),MADHYA PRADESH,ORISSA.
    bhumihars in MAHARASHTRA are known as CHITPAVANS as both the communities have the same community god-PARSURAM.IN south they are known as NEOGI BRAHMANS & IN PUNJAB & DELHI they are known as MOHYALS & TYAGI BRAHMANS.
    CHITPAVANS,TYAGI,NEOGI,BHUMIHAR,MOHYALS-ALL of them worship the same community god & have the same legendary god-that is
    PARSHURAM.
    HENCE ,it is/was proved that bhumihars are present ALL OVER INDIA

    July 16, 2010 at 4:39 PM

  20. priyesh singh

    rajputs are the only caste in india who not only protected this country but also brought glory to the nation at cost of many lives. rajput never involved others caste in war because rajput did not like to involve their subject in deadly war… this is rajput. never get jealous of rajput glory and chivalry. every body has recognised our courage. pratyash ko praman kya…

    June 27, 2010 at 11:42 PM

  21. hi.
    you know what’s the difference between bhumihar and rajput?
    ans:-bhumihar is also a father of kshtria and in all field bhumihar is also in front like:-indian army,police force,and most in education field,sports and deshpremi.bhumihar is belongs to samrat “ashoka” vanshaj.
    and bhagwan pershurama,u know pershrama is one man army for all world and to stop the kahar of pershurama bhagwan vishnu is come in earth.
    so bhumihar is famus, not only world, bhumihar is famus in all over galaxy.we proud to indian.(bhumihar in-m.p,jharkhand,orrisa,and all over india)
    jai hind.
    and rajput is also in front of all fields.
    so friend don’t worry we all are indian not bhumihar or rajput,muslim,sikh ,esai

    May 6, 2010 at 3:15 AM

  22. Kshatriya

    Dear Bhumihar brothers,…You have rightly mentioned the relation between Buddha and Bhumihar. Brahmins considered Bhumihar lower than them because of Bhumihar;s buddha linkage. Second, I am disappointed by reading that Parasurama killed kshatriya 21 times. Sad, it is a propaganda by Brahmins to declare their supremacy over kshatriya. Remember the samvad of Lakshmana and Parsaurama during Sita’s swayamvar. Parasurama was nearly overpowered by Lakshmana but Rama intervened. After that Parasurama went from there singing about glory of kshatriya Rama. More importantly, the land of Parasurama, Maharashtra, no Bhumihar exists here so how does they are found in UP and Bihar. The only justification about their presence in Bihar is their relation with Buddha.

    April 18, 2010 at 10:53 AM

  23. What glorious history they have, Many Rajput married their daughter with Muslims only for ruling to small area.
    What courage they have, every time they were invaded by outsiders even thousands of people defeat lacs of Rajputs in single war field.
    What aluminy you are talking about, every time rulers own brother helps invaders.

    Rajput???
    Who are Rajput??
    I think you don’t know about Rajput. I never read anything about Rajput but I found many articles about Kshatriya!! and every Kshatriya was killed by Parshurama.
    You know where Rajputas are comes from??
    They are crossbid with Mangoles. Even many historian wrote about this and many times Rajput opposes this.
    You need to read history theoretically.

    April 14, 2010 at 4:55 PM

  24. bullet

    Can u compare bhumihar with rajput in any field?like glorious history,royality,courage,and a strong aluminy?kind of personality rajput comunity has produced till date in all the fields like sports,politics,education etc.think honestly and reply.
    which community has contributed maximum towards country?bhumihar or rajput? m not offending towards any community.
    aren’t u aware that nobody even knows the name of bhumihar community outside bihar and partially UP.

    April 14, 2010 at 2:30 PM

  25. Samuel Omura

    You got a really useful blog I have been here reading for about an hour. I am a newbie and your success is very much an inspiration for me

    January 31, 2010 at 7:08 AM

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