"Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid." – Albert Einstein

1 Crore murders in British Rule

(1) http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/A_Few_Facts_about_British_Rule_in_India

In 1880: "There remain 40,000,000 of people who go through life on insufficient food." Sir W. W. Hunter. "Forty million plus, say 30,000,000, make 70,000,000; and THERE ARE THIS NUMBER OF CONTINUALLY HUNGRY PEOPLE IN BRITISH INDIA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY."(William Digby, C. I. E.) …..DEATHS from FAMINE from 1891 to 1900 alone: 19,000,000….In the year 1911-12 the TOTAL AREA under FOOD GRAINS was over 195,000,000 ACRES, plus 7.5, i. e., over 202,500,000 ACRES. In 1912-13 India EXPORTED FOODSTUFFS of the value of over $260,000,000.In 1913-14 she exported about $216,000,000 worth of foodstuffs."The recent famines are famines of money and not of food." (Lord George Hamilton, former Secretary of State for India.)
Sherman Stanley -British Imperialism in India-A Chart of the Exploitation of 375,000,000 People
(October 1939)

(2) http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/aug/24/india.randeepramesh

India’s secret history: ‘A holocaust, one where millions disappeared…’Author says British reprisals involved the killing of 10m, spread over 10 years. In War of Civilisations: India AD 1857, Amaresh Misra, a writer and historian based in Mumbai, argues that there was an "untold holocaust" which caused the deaths of almost 10 million people over 10 years beginning in 1857. Conventional histories have counted only 100,000 Indian soldiers who were slaughtered in savage reprisals, but none have tallied the number of rebels and civilians killed by British forces desperate to impose order, claims Misra.

(3) http://bbs.chinadaily.com.cn/viewthread.php?gid=2&tid=553936&extra=&page=24

China & the World» What the British did to India-Famine and Starvation-Taxes- Within a few years of British rule the population had shrunk by one-third through famine, in which ten million perished in 1770 and a third of the country into jungle inhabited by wild beasts? Nonetheless, by 1771-2 the Bengal revenues had risen to 2,341,000 pounds sterling.
Poverty-In an early chapter Palme Dutt cites admiring travelers such as Tavernier, traveling around India in the seventeenth century, remarking that even in the smallest villages rice, flour, butter, milk, beans and other vegetables, sugar and other sweetmeats, dry and liquid, can be procured in abundance? Many travelers at the time extolled Bengal as marvelous in the abundance of its resources, the advanced nature of its crafts. By the 1920s, after nearly two centuries of British rule, India was a byword for the vast abyss of its all-pervading poverty. The average Indian income? wrote two economists in 1924, is just enough either to feed two men in every three of the population, or give them all two in place of every three meals they need, on condition they all consent to go naked, liver out of doors all the year round, have no amusement or recreation, and want nothing else but food, and that the lowest, the coarsest, the least nutritious?
Paradox-Both India and China suffered heavily at the hands of British and Japanese respectively. In terms of numbers the British were responsible for several times more deaths of Indians than the Japanese for the Chinese deaths. But hardly any Indians I meet seems to harbor any ill will against the British of today. Where as there is intense hatred of Japanese among many Chinese. And I am not aware whether the British at anytime tendered a formal apology to Indians or whether they did any reparations to India; the problems issues between China and Japan…The reason why no reparation were not done is that the Indian elite inherited, the means of exploitaton so who to apologise to?

(4) http://mwcnews.net/content/view/16094/42/ -G.M. Polya, Melbourne, 2007 (copies in the British Library and other major libraries): http://globalbodycount.blogspot.com/).This deliberate racist British policy over 2 centuries of highly abusive rule was associated with recurrent famine, from the 1769-1770 Great Bengal Famine (10 million victims) to the “forgotten” World War 2 man-made Bengal Famine (4 million victims) that have been conveniently deleted from most British history books. Thus even Simon Schama’s otherwise excellent “A History of Britain” (BBC, London, 2000) – which describes the horrors of 18th century and 19th century famines in India with the aid of horrifying Auschwitz-reminiscent photographic evidence – fails to mention the WW2 Bengal Famine. Professor G.M. Trevelyan’s classic “”History of England” (Longmans, London, 1960) deletes any mention of Indian famines and indeed only alludes to famine in Ireland in the mid-19th century (1 million deaths, 1.5 million exiled) as a possibility averted by wise English action over the Corn Laws…..It can be estimated that avoidable deaths under 2 centuries of brutal British rule totaled 1.5 billion (see MWC News: http://mwcnews.net/content/view/5668/26/ ).

(5) http://www.stateofnature.org/humanCostOfEmpire.html

1984 and the Human Cost of Empire -By Gideon Polya-The horrendous “forgotten history” of British-ruled India commenced with the Great Bengal Famine in rapaciously over-taxed Bengal in 1769/1770 (10 million victims or one third of the population dying) and almost concluded with the World War 2 man-made Bengal Famine (which peaked in 1943/1944, took 4 million victims, was accompanied by horrendous sexual abuse of huge numbers of starving women and was very likely due to a deliberate “scorched earth” British war-time strategy to prevent Japanese invasion of India). [1] In between these 2 disasters a succession of appalling famines killed scores of millions; mercantile spread of epidemic diseases such as plague and cholera killed millions;

(6)http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/wars19c.htm-Statistics of Wars, Oppressions and Atrocities of the Nineteenth Century

Churchill’s Crimes From Indian Holocaust To Palestinian Genocide-Sunday, 25 January 2009 17:22-In WW2 Churchill deliberately starved 6-7 million Indians to death, continued to foster Muslim-Hindu antipathy that led to the horrors of Indian Partition and persuaded his War Cabinet on racist Partition of Palestine. Yet the holocaust-complicit Anglo media, academic and politician Establishment is still in denial….British Indian Holocaust (1.8 billion excess deaths, 1757-1947; 10 million killed in post-1857 Indian Mutiny reprisals; 1 million starved, 1895-1897 Indian Famine; 6-9 million starved, 1899-1900 Indian Famine; 6-7 million starved under Churchill, Bengali Holocaust 1943-1945].

(8) http://www.rmoxham.freeserve.co.uk/salt%20starvation.htm– Roy Moxham-Salt Starvation in British India – Consequences of High Salt Taxation in the Bengal Presidency, 1765 to 1878. …In 1780, Hastings brought salt manufacture under government control again, under a complicated system of farming. The wholesale price was fixed at Rs 2, of which Rs 1.1 to Rs 1.5 went to the government as a “tax.”…. Dr John Crawfurd, formerly of the Bengal Medical Service, in his evidence before the 1836 Parliamentary Select Committee on salt in British India, disputed the Salt Board’s assertion that nearly 12 lb of salt per head was supplied to the population. He produced figures that gave a consumption of no more than 7.69 lb a head. ….. Commissioner’s 1868-69 Report on the Administration of the Inland Customs Department: it is proved that the average consumed by adults within Line cannot exceed 8 lbs. ….famine that had devastated the North-Western Provinces and Oudh. The official figure for famine induced deaths in the 14 months from November 1877 to December 1878 was 1,266,420 (Parliamentary Papers 1881, 203). Later enquiries and research has concluded that this was a considerable under-estimate (Parliamentary Papers 1881, 243-50; Arup)…. The official “Statement shewing the number of deaths (by different causes) in the North-Western Provinces and Oudh” lists 165,334 deaths from “bowel complaints” excluding cholera, sharply up from 84,615 the previous year (Parliamentary Papers 1881, 232). As has been seen, diarrhoea leads to a severe drainage of salt.

(9) http://www.khaleejtimes.ae/DisplayArticle.asp?xfile=data/opinion/2008/September//opinion _September88.xml&section=opinion&col=Khaleej Times Online >> News >> OPINION Hidden Story of the First-Ever Indian Holocaust-Amaresh Misra (ISSUES)- On August 30th 2008, the Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi apologised to Libya for damage inflicted by Italy during the colonial era and signed a five-billion-dollar investment deal by way of compensation….during the wars fought during 1857 — called the ‘Mutiny’ by the British but the ‘First War of Independence’ by Indians, British troops appeared to have killed 10 million Indians. The deaths reported are from all religions, communities and castes that fought together during this revolt that lasted 10 years…The Indian subcontinent at that time had a total population of about 150 million; it can be said safely therefore that during the entire course of the 1857 revolt roughly seven per cent of the Indian population was killed; in World War II, more than 10 million lives were lost—but that amounted to 2.5 per cent of the world’s population. 1857 was proclaimed jointly a jihad by Muslim Ulemas and a dharmayuddha (holy war) by Hindu Sadhus. The Muslims fought all over the present state of Uttar Pradesh (UP)—India’s most populous state, and the custodian of its culture and honour. Western and North UP (the area known today as Ruhelkhand) alone possessed more than 5000 madrasas where Hindus and Muslims studied together. Each madrasa had more than 5000 students; computed to the 56 UP districts, and deducting a large number that might have migrated and melted away, the Ulema and madrasa student death figure crosses the 1500,000 mark. Post-1857 Hindi language records of the Sanatani Niranjani and Juna akhadas (ascetic cum commercial cum warrior orders) of Hindus speak, of a 90 per cent drop in their membership. The records also explicitly claim that 3000,000 Hindu Sanatan Dharmis perished in the Ghadar or the disturbances of 1857. While recounting the horror of British reprisals in Allahabad and other middle UP districts, Indian chronicles speak of more than 5,000 deaths every weak, for a period extending from June, 1857, to April, 1858. If this figure is computed to all middle UP districts, the figure in UP (barring the central UP area of Avadh) crosses the 5,000,000 mark. Then in Avadh, which the British had to re-conquer virtually village by village, land survey records and Gazetteers published after 1857 record a drop of almost 20 per cent population in all districts. Field officer Mitchell, writing to the Central Road Department in 1871 writes: “on account of the undisputed display of British power, necessary during those terrible and wretched days, millions of wretches seemed to have died. My estimate is 20 per cent in each of the 12 Oudh districts”. Research in postal records reveals that, following the Ghadar, 2,000,000 letters were returned back from their addresses in Avadh. In the 1870s, in a letter addressed to Mansfield, a senior employee of the Postal Department of the United Provinces (UP), the Avadh Head Post Master Rowling wrote that “I do not know what to do with these letters. When you will hear this figure….it is astounding….more than 2000,000 letters have been lying unmarked in the GPO godown ….a native employee told me that these letters belong to those who fought and were killed in that mutiny….all of them belong to the Oudh region. The matter that 20,00,000 letters were returned between 1857 and 1861 shows the kind of vengeance our boys must have wreaked on the abject Hindus and Mohammadens….” As per British records, the rough estimate is about 2,500,000 killed in Avadh; already, the UP figure is touching the 7,500,000 or the 7.5 million mark; this is independent of East UP and the neighbouring province of Bihar — places where again, the Bhojpur district 1870s land survey, records a drop of more than 30 per cent population. The 1860s Bundelkhand road and railway surveys in South-west UP complain of a 70 per cent drop in labour availability; a 1880s Road Survey report of the region claims that “road construction” could “not be sustained” due to labour shortage and people killed in the ‘Mutiny’…It is time that Britain apologises to India for the loss of life and development that occurred during colonial rule. Compensation should be given specially to areas that suffered economically because of unimaginable British atrocities in 1857. Most of these areas remain woefully backward and poor to this day and time.

(10) http://www.rediff.com/money/2005/aug/30guest.htm -21 September 2008-Incomes actually rose during the Raj -Deepak Lal- Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s address on accepting an honorary degree at Oxford on 8 July, 2005


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